Modern technological processes allow the company “PAXTAKOR TEKS” LLC to complete large volumes of orders in the shortest possible time and at the same time, maintain the quality of all types of products. The production capacity of the enterprise is 9,000 tons of yarn per year. The company is equipped with the most advanced equipment of such well-known manufacturers as “Rieter”, “Sieger Spintech Equipment”, “Murata Machinery”, “Temsan Air Engineering” and a quality control system called “Uster Technologies”.
There are three main spinning processes: cotton, worsted or long staple, or wool. Synthetic staple fibers can be obtained using any of these processes. Since more yarn is produced in the cotton process than in the other two, its production is described below.
The fibers are delivered in bales, which are opened manually or by machine. Natural fibers may require purification, whereas synthetic fibers only require separation. The collector weakens and separates the fiber lumps, and also cleans the fiber if necessary. In some cases, it may be necessary to mix different staple fibers. Blending can be done during the formation of a circle, during cardation or extrusion. The amount of each fiber is carefully measured, the level of quality is constantly maintained.
The carding machine is equipped with hundreds of thin wires that separate the fibers and pull. A thin fiber web is formed, which, moving along it, passes through a funnel-shaped device, forming a thread in the form of a rope of parallel fibers. Mixing can occur by connecting circles of different fibers.
When smoother and thinner yarns are required, the fibers are subjected in parallel to an additional method. The comb device places the fibers in parallel form with short fibers falling out of the strand.
After scratching, the pulp is called a ribbon, combining several threads before the process. A series of rollers rotating at different speeds draws the tape into one more uniform strand, which bends slightly and is fed into large cans. Card tapes are obtained after carding.
Next, the tape is fed and passes through a machine called a roving frame, where the fiber yarns are additionally lengthened and receive additional twisting. These strands are called roving.
Predominant yarn forming systems are ring spinning and open-end spinning. During the ring rotation, roving is fed from the reel through the rollers. These rollers lengthen the roving, which moves down.
The tape is fed through a machine called a roving frame, where the filaments of the fibers are additionally lengthened and receive additional twisting. Predominant yarn forming systems are ring spinning and open-end spinning. Open rotation skips the roving step.
Open rotation skips the roving step. Instead, a strip of fibers is fed into the spinner by air flow. The tape is fed into a rotating nimbus, which separates the fibers into a thin stream and is transferred to the rotor by a stream of air through a pipe or channel and is deposited in a V-shaped groove along the sides of the rotor. A constant stream of new fibers enters the rotor, is distributed in the groove and is obtained in the form of a formed yarn.
Automation makes it easy to get high quality thanks to electronics, which controls operations, temperature, speed, turns and all the necessary technical processes in general.
Geography of supplies to the CIS, China and Turkey